Household fuel use and biomarkers of inflammation and respiratory illness among rural South African women

Show simple item record Misra, Ankita Longnecker, Matthew P. Dionisio, Kathie L. Bornman, Maria S. (Riana) Travlos, Gregory S. Brar, Sukhdev Whitworth, Kristina W. 2019-01-30T09:50:05Z 2018-10
dc.description.abstract Though literature suggests a positive association between use of biomass fuel for cooking and inflammation, few studies among women in rural South Africa exist. We included 415 women from the South African Study of Women and Babies (SOWB), recruited from 2010 to 2011. We obtained demographics, general medical history and usual source of cooking fuel (wood, electricity) via baseline questionnaire. A nurse obtained height, weight, blood pressure, and blood samples. We measured plasma concentrations of a suite of inflammatory markers (e.g., interleukins, tumor necrosis factor-α, C-reactive protein). We assessed associations between cooking fuel and biomarkers of inflammation and respiratory symptoms/illness using crude and adjusted linear and logistic regression models. We found little evidence of an association between fuel-use and biomarkers of inflammation, pre-hypertension/hypertension, or respiratory illnesses. Though imprecise, we found 41% (95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.72–2.77) higher odds of self-reported wheezing/chest tightness among wood-users compared with electricity-users. Though studies among other populations report positive findings between biomass fuel use and inflammation, it is possible that women in the present study experience lower exposures to household air pollution given the cleaner burning nature of wood compared with other biomass fuels (e.g., coal, dung). en_ZA
dc.description.department Urology en_ZA
dc.description.embargo 2019-10-01
dc.description.librarian hj2019 en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship The Intramural Research Program of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS). en_ZA
dc.description.uri en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Misra, A., Longnecker, M.P., Dionisio, K.L. et al. 2018, 'Household fuel use and biomarkers of inflammation and respiratory illness among rural South African women', Environmental Research, vol. 166, pp. 112-116. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 0013-9351 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1096-0953 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1016/j.envres.2018.05.016
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Elsevier en_ZA
dc.rights © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Notice : this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Environmental Research. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. A definitive version was subsequently published in Environmental Research, vol. 166, pp. 112-116, 2018. doi : 10.1016/j.envres.2018.05.016. en_ZA
dc.subject Biomass en_ZA
dc.subject Household fuel en_ZA
dc.subject Biomarkers of inflammation en_ZA
dc.subject Respiratory en_ZA
dc.subject South Africa (SA) en_ZA
dc.subject Women en_ZA
dc.title Household fuel use and biomarkers of inflammation and respiratory illness among rural South African women en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA

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