Auditory and cognitive training for cognition in adults with hearing loss : a systematic review and meta-analysis

Show simple item record Lawrence, Blake J. Jayakody, Dona M.P. Henshaw, Helen Ferguson, Melanie A. Eikelboom, Robert H. Loftus, Andrea M. Friedland, Peter L. 2018-11-29T05:26:58Z 2018-11-29T05:26:58Z 2018
dc.description.abstract This systematic review and meta-analysis examined the efficacy of auditory training and cognitive training to improve cognitive function in adults with hearing loss. A literature search of academic databases (e.g., MEDLINE, Scopus) and gray literature (e.g., OpenGrey) identified relevant articles published up to January 25, 2018. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or repeated measures designs were included. Outcome effects were computed as Hedge’s g and pooled using random-effects meta-analysis (PROSPERO: CRD42017076680). Nine studies, five auditory training, and four cognitive training met the inclusion criteria. Following auditory training, the pooled effect was small and statistically significant for both working memory (g¼0.21; 95% CI [0.05, 0.36]) and overall cognition (g¼0.19; 95% CI [0.07, 0.31]). Following cognitive training, the pooled effect for working memory was small and statistically significant (g¼0.34; 95% CI [0.16, 0.53]), and the pooled effect for overall cognition was large and significant (g¼1.03; 95% CI [0.41, 1.66]). However, this was dependent on the classification of training approach. Sensitivity analyses revealed no statistical difference between the effectiveness of auditory and cognitive training for improving cognition upon removal of a study that used a combined auditory–cognitive approach, which showed a very large effect. Overall certainty in the estimation of effect was ‘‘low’’ for auditory training and ‘‘very low’’ for cognitive training. High-quality RCTs are needed to determine which training stimuli will provide optimal conditions to improve cognition in adults with hearing loss. en_ZA
dc.description.department Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology en_ZA
dc.description.librarian am2018 en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship B. J. L., D. M. P. J., R. H. E., and P. L. F. are supported by the Ear Science Institute Australia. The contribution by A. M. L. was supported by Curtin University, and the contributions by H. H. and M. A. F. were supported by the National Institute for Health Research. en_ZA
dc.description.uri en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Lawrence, B.J., Jayakody, D.M.P., Henshaw, H. et al. 2018, 'Auditory and cognitive training for cognition in adults with hearing loss : a systematic review and meta-analysis', Trends in Hearing, vol. 22, pp. 1-20. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 2331-2165
dc.identifier.other 10.1177/2331216518792096
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Sage en_ZA
dc.rights © The Author(s) 2018. his article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License ( en_ZA
dc.subject Rehabilitation en_ZA
dc.subject Intervention en_ZA
dc.subject Working memory en_ZA
dc.subject Transfer of learning en_ZA
dc.subject Hearing aid en_ZA
dc.subject Randomized controlled trial en_ZA
dc.subject Cochlear implantation en_ZA
dc.subject Dementia en_ZA
dc.subject Performance en_ZA
dc.subject Mechanisms en_ZA
dc.subject Depression en_ZA
dc.subject Plasticity en_ZA
dc.title Auditory and cognitive training for cognition in adults with hearing loss : a systematic review and meta-analysis en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA

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