Does public transport accessibility enhance subjective well-being? A study of the City of Johannesburg

Show simple item record Lionjanga, Nahungu Venter, C.J. (Christoffel Jacobus) 2018-10-18T12:07:52Z 2018-09
dc.description.abstract The Net Wage After Commute describes the potential wage earnable less the transport costs incurred to commute to work from a particular location. This paper explores the time-series development of accessibility, using this poverty-relevant metric, in low-income residential areas of Johannesburg, biennially from 2009 to 2013 when accessibility patterns were altered as a result of investment in the Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system. The results suggest that significant changes in accessibility are driven by improved affordability rather than spatial coverage enhancements, which were very marginal in this case. A difference-in-differences approach is adopted to explore the effects of access to the BRT on the subjective well-being of lower-income households. The model fails to find evidence that the additional accessibility provided by the BRT improves the general sense of well-being in the communities it serves. There is evidence however of well-being improvements among the narrower cohort of actual users of BRT, especially in terms of their satisfaction with their amount of free time. This suggests that the BRT in Johannesburg is beneficial as a transport project, but not yet as a general urban intervention able to leverage wider improvements in life satisfaction within served communities. en_ZA
dc.description.department Civil Engineering en_ZA
dc.description.embargo 2019-09-01
dc.description.librarian hj2018 en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship Preparation of the paper was partly sponsored by the Volvo Education and Research Foundation via the BRT + Centre of Excellence. en_ZA
dc.description.uri en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Lionjanga, N. & Venter, C. 2018, 'Does public transport accessibility enhance subjective well-being? A study of the City of Johannesburg', Research in Transportation Economics, vol. 69, pp. 523-535. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 1739-8859 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1875-7979 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1016/j.retrec.2018.07.011
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Elsevier en_ZA
dc.rights © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Notice : this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Research in Transportation Economics. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. A definitive version was subsequently published in Research in Transportation Economics, vol. 69, pp. 523-535, 2018. doi : 10.1016/j.retrec.2018.07.011. en_ZA
dc.subject Accessibility en_ZA
dc.subject Time-series analysis en_ZA
dc.subject Well-being en_ZA
dc.subject Quality of life (QoL) en_ZA
dc.subject Johannesburg Public transport en_ZA
dc.subject Bus rapid transit (BRT) en_ZA
dc.title Does public transport accessibility enhance subjective well-being? A study of the City of Johannesburg en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA

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