Morphological re-description and molecular identification of Tabanidae (Diptera) in East Africa

Show simple item record Mugasa, Claire M. Villinger, Jandouwe Gitau, Joseph Ndungu, Nelly N. Ciosi, Marc Masiga, Daniel 2018-09-25T13:02:46Z 2018-09-25T13:02:46Z 2018-06-26
dc.description.abstract Biting flies of the family Tabanidae are important vectors of human and animal diseases across continents. However, records of Africa tabanids are fragmentary and mostly cursory. To improve identification, documentation and description of Tabanidae in East Africa, a baseline survey for the identification and description of Tabanidae in three eastern African countries was conducted. Tabanids from various locations in Uganda (Wakiso District), Tanzania (Tarangire National Park) and Kenya (Shimba Hills National Reserve, Muhaka, Nguruman) were collected. In Uganda, octenol baited F-traps were used to target tabanids, while NG2G traps baited with cow urine and acetone were employed in Kenya and Tanzania. The tabanids were identified using morphological and molecular methods. Morphologically, five genera (Ancala, Tabanus, Atylotus, Chrysops and Haematopota) and fourteen species of the Tabanidae were identified. Among the 14 species identified, six belonged to the genus Tabanus of which two (T. donaldsoni and T. guineensis) had not been described before in East Africa. The greatest diversity of tabanid species were collected from the Shimba Hills National Reserve, while collections from Uganda (around the shores of Lake Victoria) had the fewest number of species. However, the Ancala genus was found in Uganda, but not in Kenya or Tanzania. Maximum likelihood phylogenies of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase 1 (COI) genes sequenced in this study show definite concordance with morphological species identifications, except for Atylotus. This survey will be critical to building a complete checklist of Tabanidae prevalent in the region, expanding knowledge of these important vectors of human and animal diseases. en_ZA
dc.description.department Zoology and Entomology en_ZA
dc.description.librarian am2018 en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship Training Health Researchers into Vocational Excellence in East Africa (THRiVE), grant number 087540 funded by the Wellcome Trust, with additional support from the Wellcome Trust (grant 093692) to the University of Glasgow, and icipe institutional funding from the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID), the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA), the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), and the Kenyan Government. en_ZA
dc.description.uri en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Mugasa CM, Villinger J, Gitau J, Ndungu N, Ciosi M, Masiga D (2018) Morphological re-description and molecular identification of Tabanidae (Diptera) in East Africa. ZooKeys 769: 117–144. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 1313-2989 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1313-2970 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.3897/zookeys.769.21144
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Pensoft en_ZA
dc.rights © Louwtjie P. Snyman et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 (CC-BY). en_ZA
dc.subject Tabanids en_ZA
dc.subject Biting flies en_ZA
dc.subject Morphology en_ZA
dc.subject Kenya en_ZA
dc.subject Uganda en_ZA
dc.subject Tanzania en_ZA
dc.subject Cytochrome c oxidase 1 (COI) en_ZA
dc.subject Tabanus en_ZA
dc.subject Phylogeny en_ZA
dc.subject Horse flies en_ZA
dc.subject DNA barcodes en_ZA
dc.subject Flies Diptera en_ZA
dc.subject Bovine leukaemia virus en_ZA
dc.title Morphological re-description and molecular identification of Tabanidae (Diptera) in East Africa en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA

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