Prevalence of hearing loss at primary health care clinics in South Africa

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dc.contributor.author Louw, Christine
dc.contributor.author Swanepoel, De Wet
dc.contributor.author Eikelboom, Robert H.
dc.contributor.author Hugo, Johannes F.M.
dc.date.accessioned 2018-09-21T06:53:36Z
dc.date.available 2018-09-21T06:53:36Z
dc.date.issued 2018-06
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND : Hearing loss prevalence data in South Africa is scarce, especially within primary health care settings. OBJECTIVES : To determine; (i) the prevalence of hearing disorders in patients ≥3 years of age attending two primary health care clinics, and (ii) the nature and characteristics of hearing disorders at these primary health care clinics. METHOD : A cross-sectional design was used at two primary health care clinics. Non-probability purposive sampling was used to screen participants at clinics for hearing loss with pure tone audiometry. A total of 1236 participants were screened (mean age 37.8 ±17.9 years). Diagnostic testing was available for confirmation of hearing loss on participants who failed the screening. RESULTS : Hearing loss prevalence was 17.5% across both clinics. Most hearing losses were bilateral (70.0%) and were of a sensorineural nature (84.2%). CONCLUSION : Hearing loss prevalence was comparable at both primary health care clinics. Participants 40 years and older were at significantly higher risk for hearing loss. The current study is the first attempt to establish hearing loss prevalence for primary health care clinics in South Africa. en_ZA
dc.description.department Family Medicine en_ZA
dc.description.department Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology en_ZA
dc.description.librarian am2018 en_ZA
dc.description.uri http://www.bioline.org.br/hs en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Louw C, Swanepoel D-W,Eikelboom RH, Hugo J. Prevalence of hearing loss at primary health care clinics in South Africa. Afri Health Sci. 2018;18(2): 313- 320. https://dx.DOI.org/10.4314/ahs.v18i2.16. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 1680-6905 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1729-0503 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.4314/ahs.v18i2.16
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/66620
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Makerere University Medical School en_ZA
dc.rights © 2018 Louw et al.; licensee African Health Sciences. This is an Open Access article distributed under the termsof the Creative commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0). en_ZA
dc.subject Hearing loss en_ZA
dc.subject Primary health care clinics en_ZA
dc.subject South Africa (SA) en_ZA
dc.subject Hearing disorders en_ZA
dc.subject Prevalence en_ZA
dc.title Prevalence of hearing loss at primary health care clinics in South Africa en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA


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