The traditional public administration and public management discourses
give an indication of the value of monitoring and evaluation (M&E) in
public administration. M&E is widely accepted as a key management-forefficiency
and accountability tool. The shift from performance management
to performance governance adds to already identified and accepted public
administration needs for M&E. M&E facilitates better management of a
complex public service environment consisting of multiple stakeholders
within and outside the public service. Beginning in the 1980s, Africa started
to acknowledge the paramount importance of M&E systems. After almost
three decades of introducing M&E as an organised management tool,
Africa still lags behind on establishing robust and comprehensive National
Monitoring and Evaluation Systems (NMES) that inform policy processes
and facilitate decision-making. The article shares experiences, challenges
and lessons learnt from adoption and institutionalisation of NMES in the
region. Learning from the NMES roadmap facilitates future improvements.
The article has been prepared using a qualitative methodology and with
reference to the findings it is found that the evolution of M&E in Africa
resulted from both internal and external forces for results, accountability
and proper use of resources.
The article is partly based on a doctoral thesis under the supervision of Prof Dawid Fourie.
Kimaro, J.R. 2017. Analysis of Monitoring and Evaluation Systems: A Case Study of Tanzania’s
Local Government. Pretoria: University of Pretoria.