The Protestant Reformation is one of the greatest turning points in the history of Christianity.
In some senses, it is described as a ‘theological revolution’ which led to the emergence of the
Protestant movement and the separation of the Church. This research explores some of the
theological themes that became the turning point of Christianity. These themes are sola
scriptura, sola fide, sola gratia, solus Christus and Soli Deo Gloria. This article attempts to briefly
explore these essential theological principles of the Reformation and assess its relevance for
today in light of new realities, encounters and theological developments. It pays particular
attention to the realities of the Global South, mainly South Africa, and shows how these can
form a basis for renewal and transformation of Reformed theology and practice today. In this
sense, the article establishes that the ‘theological revolution’ continues into the 21st century
bringing about ecclesiastical, social and cultural change.
This article was delivered as a paper at the Church History Society Conference on 17 August 2017, University of Stellenbosch, under the
broad theme of ‘Turning Points in the history of Christianity’.