Empathy and aggression in group music therapy with adolescents : Comparing the affordances of two paradigms

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dc.contributor.advisor Panebianco-Warrens, Clorinda Rosanna
dc.contributor.coadvisor Wagner, Claire
dc.contributor.postgraduate Dos Santos, Andeline Julia
dc.date.accessioned 2018-07-09T06:09:42Z
dc.date.available 2018-07-09T06:09:42Z
dc.date.created 2018-09
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.description Thesis (DMus)--University of Pretoria, 2018. en_ZA
dc.description.abstract This multiparadigm inquiry sought to investigate music therapy group processes aimed at facilitating empathic interactions between adolescents referred for aggression in a relatively under-resourced school in Eersterust, South Africa. Two qualitative studies were conducted under the umbrella of this multiparadigm research. The first employed Husserlian phenomenology and the second was informed by the theories of Deleuze and Gergen. In the two studies music therapy practice differed in relation to how the adolescent participants were produced and the therapeutic techniques that were used. Theoretically, notions of aggression and empathy differed between the two paradigms and this held varying implications for practice. The research process within the two studies differed in that, while in the descriptive phenomenological study an experiential essence could be pursued, the study informed by the thinking of Deleuze and Gergen afforded relational rhizomic expansion of meaning. Music was also foregrounded and receded in varying ways within the two studies. The implications for music therapy practice that were highlighted by the phenomenological study were the value of bracketing; the usefulness of a client-centred approach that balances structure and freedom; and the importance of considering empathy in multifaceted ways. In the study informed by the theories of Deleuze and Gergen, the usefulness of aggression within a non-judgemental approach to music therapy that concurrently seeks to enhance collective well-being was highlighted. Other implications for music therapy practice that were emphasised through this second study were the value of a more inclusive concept of empathy in music therapy; the value of “small bends”; and the importance of considering assemblages that can inform the planning of therapeutic processes and possibilities for participants’ growth. Through deep immersion in each paradigm, diverse representations could be offered and a richer understanding of the topic under consideration could be generated. The research aimed to explore the role of paradigmatic orientation, particularly regarding the relationships between practice, theory and research. By “plugging” group music therapy processes into two different paradigms, varying approaches to thinking could become possible. The creative potential for interplay between the two paradigms was explored. en_ZA
dc.description.availability Unrestricted en_ZA
dc.description.degree DMus en_ZA
dc.description.department Music en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Dos Santos, AJ 2018, Empathy and aggression in group music therapy with adolescents : Comparing the affordances of two paradigms, DMus Thesis, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed yymmdd <http://hdl.handle.net/2263/65316> en_ZA
dc.identifier.other S2018
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/65316
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher University of Pretoria
dc.rights © 2018 University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria.
dc.subject Music Therapy en_ZA
dc.subject UCTD
dc.title Empathy and aggression in group music therapy with adolescents : Comparing the affordances of two paradigms en_ZA
dc.type Thesis en_ZA


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