Lithic production strategies during the late Middle Pleistocene at Dali, Shaanxi Province, China : implications for understanding late archaic humans

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dc.contributor.author Li, Hao
dc.contributor.author Lotter, Matt Geoffrey
dc.date.accessioned 2018-04-10T06:18:51Z
dc.date.issued 2018-03
dc.description.abstract The Dali hominid site is well known as it contains a human cranium associated with stone artefacts and animal bones. Dating efforts have provided an age range of ~ 300–247 ka for these remains. Renewed study of the cranium in recent years has revealed a mix of archaic traits in the neurocranium and derived features in the face, and thus, this specimen may provide insight into our understanding of modern human evolution in China. However, the technological behaviour possessed by these people has remained unclear due to a lack of new and detailed research. In this paper, we re-examine the lithic assemblages from Dali, originally excavated in 1978 and 1980, and for the first time, we now provide a sound assemblage by removing those geofacts that have been used in past archaeological reports. Although the total number of artefacts is now smaller, our results show that core reduction strategies at Dali are primarily expedient, dominated by simple unifacial unidirectional flaking. In contrast, the formal tools exhibit relatively advanced technology, with artefacts that are diverse in type and characterized by a relatively standardized production strategy. In contrast to the widely accepted model for slow and conservative technological development in Chinese Palaeolithic technology, pre 40 ka, here, we suggest that there is evidence for gradual technological changes from the Early to Middle and early Late Pleistocene. en_ZA
dc.description.department Anthropology and Archaeology en_ZA
dc.description.embargo 2019-03-30
dc.description.librarian hj2018 en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship The Chinese Academy of Sciences Pioneer Hundred Talents Program and the Chinese Academy of Sciences Strategic Priority Research Program Grant (No. XDPB05). MGL would like to acknowledge funding support provided by the National Research Foundation (NRF) of South Africa and the Palaeontological Scientific Trust (PAST) with its Scatterings of Africa programs. en_ZA
dc.description.uri https://link.springer.com/journal/12520 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Li, H. & Lotter, M.G. Lithic production strategies during the late Middle Pleistocene at Dali, Shaanxi Province, China: implications for understanding late archaic humans. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12520-018-0626-6. NYP. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 1866-9557 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1866-9565 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1007/s12520-018-0626-6
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/64432
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Springer en_ZA
dc.rights © Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018. The original publication is available at https://link.springer.com/journal/12520. en_ZA
dc.subject Lithic technology en_ZA
dc.subject Late Middle Pleistocene en_ZA
dc.subject Late archaic humans en_ZA
dc.subject Dali cranium en_ZA
dc.subject Northwestern China en_ZA
dc.title Lithic production strategies during the late Middle Pleistocene at Dali, Shaanxi Province, China : implications for understanding late archaic humans en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA


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