The need to perform assisted vaginal delivery (AVD) has been regarded as self-evident. In high-income countries, rates of AVD range
between 5% and 20% of all births. In South Africa, the rate of AVD is only 1%. This has resulted in increased neonatal morbidity and
mortality due to intrapartum asphyxia, and increased maternal morbidity and mortality due to a rise in second-stage caesarean deliveries.
In this article, we address the possible causes leading to a decrease in AVD and propose measures to be taken to increase the rates of AVD
and subsequently reduce morbidity and mortality.