Measuring physical activity in South African grade 2 and 3 learners : a self-report questionnaire versus pedometer testing

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dc.contributor.author Malan, Guiliame F.
dc.contributor.author Nolte, Kim
dc.date.accessioned 2018-03-15T08:16:33Z
dc.date.available 2018-03-15T08:16:33Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.description.abstract The prevalence of childhood obesity is increasing in South Africa and can be linked to decreased physical activity (PA). It is important to be able to accurately measure children’s PA levels as part of a holistic strategy for maintaining healthy body weight. The primary aim of this study was to determine whether children in grades two and three can self-report PA by means of a questionnaire. Fifty-eight participants (girls=28; boys=30) from a primary school in Gauteng were recruited for the study. The participants had to wear a pedometer (Omron HJ-720) for seven days after which they completed the Physical Activity Questionnaire for older Children (PAQ-C). The average steps per day were 9289, with weekday steps (10,219) being more than weekend steps (6,795). The mean score for the PAQ-C was 3.14±0.47. There was a significant moderate correlation (r=0.49; p<0.01) between the overall PAQ-C score and average steps per day. The PAQ-C can be an effective way to gain insight into the PA levels in children but should not replace objective measures of PA. The participants in this study appear to be accumulating insufficient PA over the course of the week. en_ZA
dc.description.department Physiology en_ZA
dc.description.librarian am2018 en_ZA
dc.description.uri http://www.ajol.info/index.php/sajrs en_ZA
dc.description.uri http://academic.sun.ac.zasajrsper en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Malan, G.F. & Nolte, K. 2017, 'Measuring physical activity in South African grade 2 and 3 learners : a self-report questionnaire versus pedometer testing', South African Journal for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 79-91. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 0379-9069
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/64265
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Southern African Alliance for Sport Science, Physical Education and Recreation en_ZA
dc.rights Southern African Alliance for Sport Science, Physical Education and Recreation en_ZA
dc.subject Pedometer en_ZA
dc.subject Questionnaire en_ZA
dc.subject Children en_ZA
dc.subject Physical activity (PA) en_ZA
dc.subject Physical activity questionnaire for older children (PAQ-C) en_ZA
dc.title Measuring physical activity in South African grade 2 and 3 learners : a self-report questionnaire versus pedometer testing en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA


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