Secular trends in stature of late 20th century white South Africans and two European populations

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dc.contributor.author Myburgh, Jolandie
dc.contributor.author Staub, K.
dc.contributor.author Rühli, F.J.
dc.contributor.author Smith, J.R.
dc.contributor.author Steyn, Maryna
dc.date.accessioned 2018-02-13T11:48:37Z
dc.date.issued 2017-12
dc.description.abstract During the 20th century a general positive secular trend for stature is observed in developed countries around the world while shorter statures, often associated with a lack of a positive secular trend, have mostly been observed in populations with lower SES. The purpose of this study was to compare secular changes in stature between 20th century South Africans of European descent and two European populations. The comparative samples include Dutch males with which there is an assumed genetic relationship, and Swiss males for which the genetic association is less clear. The sample comprised anthropometric stature data of white South Africans (17–62 years), Swiss and Dutch males (18–21 years) obtained from military conscripts with birth cohorts of 5 years from 1946 to 1995. The stature of white South African males did not increase at a significant rate compared to those observed in Swiss and Dutch males. South African and Dutch males were of similar height following World War II, but a considerable trend was observed only in the Dutch group. The Swiss group was initially shorter than the South Africans, but due to a positive secular trend their average stature is on a par with that of South Africans in the most recent cohort. The lack of a significant positive secular trend in the South African group could suggest that factors such as gene flow and poor economic and social development in South Africa resulted in shorter statures in white South African groups than expected. en_ZA
dc.description.department Anatomy en_ZA
dc.description.embargo 2018-12-30
dc.description.librarian hj2018 en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship The National Research Foundation (M. Steyn) and the Department of Anatomy at the University of Pretoria. en_ZA
dc.description.uri http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jchb en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Myburgh, J., Staub, K., Rühli, F.J. et al. 2017, 'Secular trends in stature of late 20th century white South Africans and two European populations', HOMO - Journal of Comparative Human Biology, vol. 68, no. 6, 433-439. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 1618-1301 (online)
dc.identifier.issn 0018-442X (print)
dc.identifier.other 10.1016/j.jchb.2017.10.001
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/63937
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Elsevier en_ZA
dc.rights © 2017 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved. Notice : this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in HOMO - Journal of Comparative Human Biology. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. A definitive version was subsequently published in HOMO - Journal of Comparative Human Biology, vol. 68, no. 6, pp. 433-439, 2017. doi : 10.1016/j.jchb.2017.10.001. en_ZA
dc.subject Stature en_ZA
dc.subject Secular trends en_ZA
dc.subject South Africa (SA) en_ZA
dc.subject Valley of Oaxaca, Mexico en_ZA
dc.subject Children en_ZA
dc.subject Height en_ZA
dc.subject Age en_ZA
dc.subject Long bones en_ZA
dc.subject Growth status en_ZA
dc.subject Adult stature en_ZA
dc.title Secular trends in stature of late 20th century white South Africans and two European populations en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA


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