DNA contains the blueprint of life. Variations in the script determine the great diversity that characterises our planet. As the analysis of
large datasets derived from DNA reveals the hidden secrets of normal and abnormal structure and function as well as our ancestry, the
movement of DNA between research laboratories is becoming commonplace. DNA is a resource that can be used for the benefit or to the
detriment of the individuals and communities from which it is derived. But can DNA be treated as a simple commodity? How do we deal
with questions such as sovereignty, discrimination and commercialisation? What underlies the current trends in attempting to regulate the
movement of DNA? And how can we achieve a balance between preventing exploitation and promoting innovation? This brief overview
attempts to contextualise the current landscape in South Africa with regard to the DNA that is destined to leave our shores.