Enhancing ear and hearing health access for children with technology and connectivity

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dc.contributor.author Swanepoel, De Wet
dc.date.accessioned 2017-11-06T08:01:46Z
dc.date.available 2017-11-06T08:01:46Z
dc.date.issued 2017-10
dc.description.abstract PURPOSE : Technology and connectivity advances are demonstrating increasing potential to improve access of service delivery to persons with hearing loss. This article demonstrates use cases from community-based hearing screening and automated diagnosis of ear disease. METHOD : This brief report reviews recent evidence for school- and home-based hearing testing in underserved communities using smartphone technologies paired with calibrated headphones. Another area of potential impact facilitated by technology and connectivity is the use of feature extraction algorithms to facilitate automated diagnosis of most common ear conditions from video-otoscopic images. RESULTS : Smartphone hearing screening using calibrated headphones demonstrated equivalent sensitivity and specificity for school-based hearing screening. Automating test sequences with a forced-choice response paradigm allowed persons with minimal training to offer screening in underserved communities. The automated image analysis and diagnosis system for ear disease demonstrated an overall accuracy of 80.6%, which is up to par and exceeds accuracy rates previously reported for general practitioners and pediatricians. CONCLUSION : The emergence of these tools that capitalize on technology and connectivity advances enables affordable and accessible models of service delivery for community-based ear and hearing care. en_ZA
dc.description.department Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology en_ZA
dc.description.librarian hj2017 en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship The National Research Foundation (South Africa) for funding part of this research through a Competitive Programme for Rated Researchers (Grant #87757). en_ZA
dc.description.uri http://aja.pubs.asha.org en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Swanepoel, D. 2017, 'Enhancing ear and hearing health access for children with technology and connectivity', American Journal of Audiology, vol. 26, pp. 426-429. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 1059-0889 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1558-9137 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1044/2017_AJA-16-0117
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/63022
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher American Speech-Language-Hearing Association en_ZA
dc.rights © 2017 American Speech-Language-Hearing Association en_ZA
dc.subject Technology en_ZA
dc.subject Connectivity en_ZA
dc.subject Hearing loss en_ZA
dc.subject Children en_ZA
dc.subject Service delivery en_ZA
dc.subject Community-based ear care en_ZA
dc.subject Community-based hearing care en_ZA
dc.title Enhancing ear and hearing health access for children with technology and connectivity en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA


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