This article deals with problem solving as an intervention strategy for families of children with illnesses and disabilities. Problem solving is considered as a process that includes problem orientation and problem-solving skills, and the essential role of both the caregiver (or other family member) and the interventionist in this process is highlighted. A review of some essential research in this field points to prerequisites for collaborative problem
solving, as well as some inhibiting factors. In addition, comments from a cross cultural point of view are made, concluding that problems in the implementation of a problem-solving strategy may arise when differences between interventionists and the family are disregarded.