We review some of the most commonly known models in restoration ecology from the past 20 years. From these, we seek to
identify essential elements required for the scaling-up and mainstreaming of restoration and, based on that, develop a new
framework that could be used to assist in the realization of long-lasting and effective restoration policies and programs at the
landscape and larger spatial scales. We argue that the reference model is particularly important at a time when there are urgent
calls and investments for scaling-up restoration to the landscape scale. At that scale, we argue, it is essential to consider both
ecological restoration and ecological rehabilitation as just two of the various components in a ‘‘family’’ of restorative activities
that must be deployed, including changed management practices for agriculture, to make ongoing human activities and land
uses more ecologically sound and sustainable. In conclusion, we present a new model that could help orient if not actually
design planning, monitoring and evaluation, scaling-up, and applying restorative activities in new areas.
Witthuhn, Lucille(University of Pretoria, 2013-12-09)
The dissertation investigates how non-profit organisations (NPOs) can function more efficiently by sharing resources and services. The design responds with the strategy of service integration, by transforming the facilities ...
Elmqvist, T.; Setala, H.; Handel, S.N.; Van der Ploeg, S.; Aronson, J.; Blignaut, James Nelson; Gomez-Baggethun, E.; Nowak, D.J.; Kronenberg, J.; De Groot, R.(Elsevier, 2015-05-22)
Cities are a key nexus of the relationship between people and
nature and are huge centers of demand for ecosystem services
and also generate extremely large environmental impacts.
Current projections of rapid expansion ...