Three-dimensional numerical simulations were conducted for the natural convection phenomena around a hot inner circular cylinder positioned in a cold cubic enclosure in the Raleigh number range of 103≤Ra≤106 at the Prandtl number of Pr=0.7. The Immersed Boundary Method (IBM) was used to capture the virtual wall boundary of the inner cylinder, based on the Finite Volume Method (FVM). In this study, the transition of the flow regime from the steady state to the unsteady state and consequent three-dimensionality in the system induced by the increase in the flow instability were investigated. Detailed three-dimensional vortical structures of the convection cells at a relatively high Rayleigh number of Ra=106 were analysed using the visualization technique, and the heat transfer characteristics in the system resulting from the change in the vortical structures were addressed.
Papers presented to the 12th International Conference on Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics, Costa de Sol, Spain on 11-13 July 2016.