Sunbeds and skin cancer risk : quantifying a baseline estimate of sunbed facilities in South Africa prior to implementation of sunbed regulations

Show simple item record Wright, C.Y. (Caradee) Albers, Patricia Nicole Reeder, Anthony Ivor Mathee, Angela 2017-08-15T10:11:37Z 2017-08-15T10:11:37Z 2017-03-03
dc.description Table 1: Numbers of “beauty” facilities, and numbers and percentages of those specifically mentioning sunbeds, as advertised in the Yellow Pages in South Africa, by region and year, with percentage decrease, 2010-14 (where applicable) en_ZA
dc.description Table 2: Yellow pages regional data (2010-2014) for numbers of new “beauty” facilities specifically mentioning sunbeds for each year compared to the previous year/s en_ZA
dc.description Table 3: Number of web-advertised “beauty” facilities with sunbeds en_ZA
dc.description Figure 1: Map of South Africa illustrating the Yellow Pages regions. Lesotho and Swaziland are the two white countries on left and right, respectively. (Permission to use this graphic was obtained from its producer ‘Trudon Business’) en_ZA
dc.description.abstract INTRODUCTION : In 2009, ultraviolet-emitting tanning devices, i.e. sunbeds and tanning booths, were officially classified as carcinogenic to human health (Group 1) by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. METHODS : Here, we aim to estimate South African-based facilities with indoor tanning services advertised in the printed Yellow Pages and online in two directories. Printed Yellow Pages telephone directory beauty salon facilities listings (2010-14) for all provinces were examined and those mentioning "sunbed" and/or "tanning bed" recorded. Beauty/spa facilities were also identified using two sunbed listing webpages. RESULTS : A total of 40 web-advertised facilities had a sunbed. Beauty facilities in the Yellow Pages specifically mentioning sunbeds declined by 62% between 2010 (n=53) and 2014 (n=20). Gauteng had the highest number of facilities (n=25) with a sunbed. Facilities with sunbeds exist in South Africa, as evidenced by the Yellow Pages and web-advertised data, but their true prevalence remains largely unknown. It is likely that online and walk-by advertising is increasingly more common than print. CONCLUSION : Given that sunbeds may likely soon become regulated in South Africa, further research is needed to better quantify sunbed provision, determine advice provided by facility operators to new users, investigate whether age restrictions or limits exist for sunbed use, and describe typical patterns of sunbed use in South Africa. en_ZA
dc.description.department Geography, Geoinformatics and Meteorology en_ZA
dc.description.librarian am2017 en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship Dr Wright receives funding support from the South African Medical Research Council and the National Research Foundation. Dr Reeder and the Cancer Society Social and Behavioural Research Unit receive funding support from the Cancer Society of New Zealand Inc. and the University of Otago. en_ZA
dc.description.uri en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Wright, CY, Albers, PN, Reeder, AI & Mathee, A 2017, 'Sunbeds and skin cancer risk : quantifying a baseline estimate of sunbed facilities in South Africa prior to implementation of sunbed regulations', Pan African Medical Journal, vol. 26, art. no. 188, pp. 1-11. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 1937-8688 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.11604/pamj.2017.26.188.10176
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher African Field Epidemiology Network en_ZA
dc.rights © Caradee Yael Wright et al. The Pan African Medical Journal - ISSN 1937-8688. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. en_ZA
dc.subject Sunbeds en_ZA
dc.subject Indoor tanning en_ZA
dc.subject Skin cancer en_ZA
dc.subject Regulation en_ZA
dc.subject South Africa (SA) en_ZA
dc.title Sunbeds and skin cancer risk : quantifying a baseline estimate of sunbed facilities in South Africa prior to implementation of sunbed regulations en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA

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