The SANDF as a human security instrument post-1994

Show simple item record Mongwaketse, Thuso Benton 2017-06-27T09:42:53Z 2017-06-27T09:42:53Z 2016
dc.description.abstract South Africa adopted a human security orientation at the start of its democratic epoch in 1994, but its operationalisation by the South African National Defence Force (SANDF) proved difficult to implement. Human security is an approach to security which prioritises the protection of the people over security of the state. One of its central tenets is that security is best achieved through development as opposed to arms. Against this backdrop, the principal objective of this article is to critically analyse and understand South Africa's official human security orientation. Two indicators, the functions performed by the SANDF as well as South Africa's strategic defence posture, were assessed to achieve the objective. The securitisation model associated with Barry Buzan and Ole Wæver was used as a theoretical framework to understand South Africa's official conception and utilisation of human security. It was found that the SANDF's operational functioning was compromised by having to perform its primary responsibilities along with secondary developmental tasks demanded by the broad mandate of human security. Furthermore, while South Africa lexically took human security and state security to be equally important, in practice the SANDF tended to prioritise state security ahead of human security both at home and abroad. Some analysts detected lack of strategic coherence in South Africa's security engagements in Africa while ignoring extensive efforts of the SANDF to bring peace, and not destabilisation, on the continent as part of the strategic defence posture. Ultimately, this article argues that the competency with which the SANDF ensures state security must be cascaded down to the human level by taking up more secondary functions with some provisos. Alignment of defence policy and adequate resources as well as the involvement of the people will be indispensable towards realisation of true human security. en_ZA
dc.description.department Political Sciences en_ZA
dc.description.librarian am2017 en_ZA
dc.description.uri en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Mongwaketse, TB 2016, 'The SANDF as a human security instrument post-1994', Strategic Review for Southern Africa, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 28-52. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 1013-1108
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher University of Pretoria, Department of Political Sciences en_ZA
dc.rights Department of Political Sciences at the University of Pretoria en_ZA
dc.subject Human security en_ZA
dc.subject Defence policy en_ZA
dc.subject State security en_ZA
dc.subject South African National Defence Force (SANDF) en_ZA
dc.title The SANDF as a human security instrument post-1994 en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA

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