Cynicism as subscale of burnout

Show simple item record Viljoen, Margaretha Claassen, Nico 2017-06-27T05:25:36Z 2017-06-27T05:25:36Z 2017
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: Cynicism, as a personality trait, has adverse effects on health. The question was asked whether cynical attitudes that develop due to work-related stress correlate with stress levels and whether it has a negative influence on health. OBJECTIVES: To investigate associations of the cynicism subscale scores of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS) with levels of stress, anxiety, questionnaire-based physical health and with a number of physiological health risk indicators. METHODS: Cynicism, anxiety, questionnaire-based physical health scores, as well as allostatic load, heart rate variability and C-reactive protein, were assessed in 27 males working between 40 and 80 irregular hours per week. RESULTS: Cynicism scores related to stress levels (r=0.411, p=0.030). Effects of work-related cynicism on physical health were suggested by negative associations with questionnaire-based scores on physical health (r=-0.383, p=0.044) and heart rate variability indicators (r=-0.379, p=0.047 to r=-0.496, p=0.007), and by positive associations with anxiety levels (r=0.408, p=0.031), heart rate (r=0.449, p=0.017), BMI (r=0.426, p=0.024) allostatic load (r=0.360, p=0.065) and levels of the inflammatory marker C-reactive protein (r=0.407, p=0.035). CONCLUSIONS: Cynicism, as reflected by the MBI-GS, increases with increased stress levels and could contribute to the decline in the health reported for burnout. en_ZA
dc.description.department School of Health Systems and Public Health (SHSPH) en_ZA
dc.description.librarian hj2017 en_ZA
dc.description.uri en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Viljoen, M. & Claassen, N. 2017, 'Cynicism as subscale of burnout', Work, vol. 56, no. 4, pp. 499-503. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 1875-9270 (online)
dc.identifier.issn 1051-9815 (print)
dc.identifier.other 10.3233/WOR-172518
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher IOS Press en_ZA
dc.rights © 2017 – IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved. en_ZA
dc.subject Cynicism en_ZA
dc.subject Health en_ZA
dc.subject Stress en_ZA
dc.subject Workplace en_ZA
dc.subject Burnout en_ZA
dc.title Cynicism as subscale of burnout en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA

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