Towards citizen-expert knowledge exchange for biodiversity informatics : a conceptual architecture

Show simple item record Kiptoo, Caroline Chepkoech Gerber, Aurona Jacoba Van der Merwe, Alta 2017-06-10T07:14:01Z 2017-06-10T07:14:01Z 2016
dc.description.abstract This article proposes a conceptual architecture for citizen-expert knowledge exchange in biodiversity management. Expert services, such as taxonomic identification, are required in many biodiversity management activities, yet these services remain inaccessible to poor communities, such as small-scale farmers. The aim of this research was to combine ontology and crowdsourcing technologies to provide taxonomic services to such communities. The study used a design science research (DSR) approach to develop the conceptual architecture. The DSR approach generates knowledge through building and evaluation of novel artefacts. The research instantiated the architecture through the development of a platform for experts and farmers to share knowledge on fruit flies. The platform is intended to support rural fruit farmers in Kenya with control and management of fruit flies. Expert knowledge about fruit flies is captured in an ontology that is integrated into the platform. The non-expert citizen participation includes harnessing crowdsourcing technologies to assist with organism identification. An evaluation of the architecture was done through an experiment of fruit fly identification using the platform. The results showed that the crowds, supported by an ontology of expert knowledge, could identify most samples to species level and in some cases to sub-family level. The conceptual architecture may guide and enable creation of citizen-expert knowledge exchange applications, which may alleviate the taxonomic impediment, as well as allow poor citizens access to expert knowledge. Such a conceptual architecture may also enable the implementation of systems that allow non-experts to participate in sharing of knowledge, thus providing opportunity for the evolution of comprehensive biodiversity knowledge systems. en_ZA
dc.description.department Informatics en_ZA
dc.description.librarian am2017 en_ZA
dc.description.uri en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Kiptoo, C.C., Gerber, A. & Van der Merwe, A. (2016). Towards citizen-expert knowledge exchange for biodiversity informatics: A conceptual architecture. The African Journal of Information and Communication (AJIC), 18, 33-54. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 2077-7205 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 2077-7213 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10539/21758
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Wits LINK Centre en_ZA
dc.rights This is an open access article licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) licence. en_ZA
dc.subject Conceptual architecture en_ZA
dc.subject Knowledge exchange en_ZA
dc.subject Species identification en_ZA
dc.subject Crowdsourcing en_ZA
dc.subject Knowledge transfer en_ZA
dc.subject Ontology in information systems en_ZA
dc.title Towards citizen-expert knowledge exchange for biodiversity informatics : a conceptual architecture en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA

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