Spotted hyaena space use in relation to human infrastructure inside a protected area

Show simple item record Belton, L.E. (Lydia) Cameron, Elissa Z. Dalerum, Fredrik 2017-06-02T07:44:55Z 2017-06-02T07:44:55Z 2016-10-19
dc.description Supplement 1. Estimation of convergence of home range size estimates. To evaluate whether or not we had sufficient sample sizes to estimate seasonal home ranges we created accumulation curves for each clan and season. We created randomized sets of coordinates with increasing sample sizes from 10 relocations up to the actual sample size used for each seasonal range. For each sample size, we randomly drew 100 data sets without replacements from the original sets of coordinates that was utilized to calculate each seasonal home range, and for each random data set we calculated the area covered by a 100% MCP. These areas were plotted against sample size. (10.7717/peerj.2596/supp-1)
dc.description Supplement 2. Raw data on animal locations. (DOI: 10.7717/peerj.2596/supp-2)
dc.description.abstract Increasing human population growth has led to elevated levels of human-carnivore conflict. However, some carnivore populations have adapted to urban environments and the resources they supply. Such associations may influence carnivore ecology, behaviour and life-history. Pockets of urbanisation sometimes occur within protected areas, so that anthropogenic influences on carnivore biology are not necessarily confined to unprotected areas. In this study we evaluated associations between human infrastructure and related activity and space use of spotted hyaenas within one of the largest protected areas in South Africa, the Kruger National Park. Home range size was smaller for the dominant female of a clan living in close proximity to humans than that of the dominant female of a clan without direct access to human infrastructure. The home range including human infrastructure was also used less evenly during the night, presumably when the animals were active. Within this home range, a village area was preferred during the night, when the least modified areas within the village were preferred and administration and highly modified areas were avoided. During the day, however, there were no preference or avoidance of the village area, but all habitats except unmodified habitats within the village area were avoided.Wesuggest that human infrastructure and associated activity influenced hyaena space use, primarily through alterations in the spatial distribution of food. However, these effects may have been indirectly caused by habitat modification that generated favourable hunting habitat rather than a direct effect caused by access to human food such as garbage. Because of the often pivotal effects of apex predators in terrestrial ecosystems, we encourage further work aimed to quantify how human presence influences large carnivores and associated ecosystem processes within protected areas. en_ZA
dc.description.department Mammal Research Institute en_ZA
dc.description.department Zoology and Entomology en_ZA
dc.description.librarian am2017 en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship This study was funded through incentive funding for rated researchers by the National Research Foundation (E Cameron, F Dalerum), a research fellowship from University of Pretoria (F Dalerum) as well as a Ramón y Cajal fellowship by the Spanish Ministry of Comptitiveness and Economy (F Dalerum). en_ZA
dc.description.uri en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Belton, L.E., Cameron, E.Z. & Dalerum, F. (2016), Spotted hyaena space use in relation to human infrastructure inside a protected area. PeerJ, 4:e2596; DOI 10.7717/peerj.2596. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 2167-8359
dc.identifier.other 10.7717/peerj.2596
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher PeerJ en_ZA
dc.rights © Copyright 2016 Belton et al. Distributed under Creative Commons CC-BY 4.0. en_ZA
dc.subject Carnivore en_ZA
dc.subject Hyaenidae en_ZA
dc.subject Crocuta crocutta en_ZA
dc.subject Anthropogenic effects en_ZA
dc.subject Home range en_ZA
dc.subject Habitat selection en_ZA
dc.subject Africa en_ZA
dc.subject Carnivora en_ZA
dc.subject Resource dispersion en_ZA
dc.title Spotted hyaena space use in relation to human infrastructure inside a protected area en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA

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