Insect gallers and their plant hosts : from omics data to systems biology

Show simple item record Oates, Caryn N. Denby, Katherine J. Myburg, Alexander Andrew Slippers, Bernard Naidoo, Sanushka 2017-05-26T05:30:18Z 2017-05-26T05:30:18Z 2016
dc.description.abstract Gall-inducing insects are capable of exerting a high level of control over their hosts’ cellular machinery to the extent that the plant’s development, metabolism, chemistry, and physiology are all altered in favour of the insect. Many gallers are devastating pests in global agriculture and the limited understanding of their relationship with their hosts prevents the development of robust management strategies. Omics technologies are proving to be important tools in elucidating the mechanisms involved in the interaction as they facilitate analysis of plant hosts and insect effectors for which little or no prior knowledge exists. In this review, we examine the mechanisms behind insect gall development using evidence from omics-level approaches. The secretion of effector proteins and induced phytohormonal imbalances are highlighted as likely mechanisms involved in gall development. However, understanding how these components function within the system is far from complete and a number of questions need to be answered before this information can be used in the development of strategies to engineer or breed plants with enhanced resistance. en_ZA
dc.description.department Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute (FABI) en_ZA
dc.description.department Genetics en_ZA
dc.description.librarian am2017 en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship The Department of Science and Technology of South Africa and the University of Pretoria Postgraduate Study Abroad Bursary Program. This work is based on the research supported in part by the National Research Foundation of South Africa for the grant, Unique Grant No. 87912, and the Scarce Skills Doctoral Scholarship, Unique Grant No. 88789. en_ZA
dc.description.uri en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Oates, CN, Denby, KJ, Myburg, AA, Slippers, B & Naidoo, S 2016, 'Insect gallers and their plant hosts : from omics data to systems biology', International Journal of Molecular Sciences, vol. 17, art. no. 1891, pp. 1-14. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 1422-0067
dc.identifier.other 10.3390/ijms17111891
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher MDPI Publishing en_ZA
dc.rights © 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license. en_ZA
dc.subject Galling insect en_ZA
dc.subject Omics data en_ZA
dc.subject Effector en_ZA
dc.subject Phytohormone en_ZA
dc.subject Gall induction en_ZA
dc.title Insect gallers and their plant hosts : from omics data to systems biology en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA

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