This article is constructed around the premise that women's rights to safe abortion give rise to
obligations that the state has a positive duty to implement. Using Uganda as a case study, it
frames failure by a state to implement its abortion laws in ways that render the rights tangible
and accessible to women as a violation of human rights. The article develops a normative
human rights framework for imposing on a state the obligation to take positive steps to
implement abortion laws that the state, itself, has adopted. The framework does not depend
on requiring the state first to reform its substantive laws or broaden the grounds for abortion.
Rather, it focuses on the implementation of existing domestic laws. The article draws its
remedial juridical responses partly from conceptions of women-centred rights to procedural
justice, equality and health, and partly from jurisprudence developed in recent years by
United Nations treaty-monitoring bodies and the European Court of Human Rights.