The political action of citizens individually or collectively is always determined by a multiplicity
of factors. These are first, political socialisation; second, the logic of the dominant political culture
in the society; third, factors of an ideological nature; and fourth, religious factors. In the particular
case of Mozambique it can be seen that from independence in 1975, the political and religious
dimensions went through several changes. In the political area, the changes were observed more
profoundly after the independence of the country under the orientation of FRELIMO, the political
party in power. From that moment until 1990, the country was governed by the domination of one
political party under a Marxist system of socialism. In the religious arena, the domination of the
Roman Catholic Church was observed prior to independence since it was working together with
the dominators (Portuguese), and other Christian religions were persecuted by this church.
However, after independence another dimension became a changing force within the country.
First of all, the relationship between FRELIMO and the church was poor. Second, from 1982 the
relationship started to take on a more positive nature. The questions that then arose were the
following: What are the factors that might have contributed to this changed situation? How can
this dimension be explained? What are the implications of these changes?