INTRODUCTION : Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a pandemic associated with disturbance inhaemostasis that could contribute to the development of diabetic vascular disease and accelerated atherosclerosis. In this population, hypercoagulation is prevalent, as well as pathological changes to erythrocytes. This is mainly due to upregulated circulating inflammatory markers.
MATERIALS AND METHODS : Here we looked at tissue factor (TF) levels using ELISA, in a sample of diabetics, with and without cardiovascular complications. Diabetic subjects were recruited from the diabetic clinic at Steve Biko Academic Hospital, Pretoria, South Africa. 20 diabetics with cardiovascular disease and 22 without were enrolled to participate. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION : TF levels were significantly elevated in both diabetic groups when compared to the controls. We suggest that pathologic plasma TF activity, as marker of increased propensity of clot pathology, should be investigated. Agents that might lower TF levels might also possibly lower thrombotic complications.