Substance abuse and psychological well-being of South African adolescents

Show simple item record Visser, M.J. (Maretha Johanna) Routledge, Leigh-Anne 2008-06-13T08:10:49Z 2008-06-13T08:10:49Z 2007-08
dc.description.abstract This research aimed at identifying patterns of substance abuse among South African adolescents and exploring the relationship between psychological well-being and substance abuse. Psychological well-being was assessed with selected items of the Bar-On EQ-I and Diener's Life Satisfaction scale. Self-reported substance abuse patterns of 1 918 learners between the ages of 12 and 19 from 13 schools in Tshwane were recorded. Schools were selected to represent the population composition of the area. It was found that substance abuse (current alcohol use, excessive alcohol use, and use of illicit drugs) increased with age and that nearly twice as many males as females abused substances. Language group was found to be a determining factor with regard to current and excessive use of alcohol; however, it was not found to influence drug use. An analysis of variance showed that adolescents who used drugs had significantly lower levels of psychological well-being and life satisfaction. The same was not found for excessive use of alcohol. The results can contribute to a better understanding of substance use behaviour and to identifying adolescents who may be at risk of abuse. en
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dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier.citation Visser, M & Routledge, L 2007, 'Substance abuse and psychological well-being of South African adolescents', South African Journal of Psychology, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 595-615. [] en
dc.identifier.issn 0081-2464
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Psychological Society of South Africa en
dc.rights Psychological Society of South Africa en
dc.subject Adolescent substance abuse en
dc.subject Excessive alcohol use en
dc.subject Illicit drug use en
dc.subject Life satisfaction en
dc.subject Psychological well-being en
dc.subject Risk behaviour en
dc.subject.lcsh Teenagers en
dc.subject.lcsh Substance abuse en
dc.subject.lcsh Well-being en
dc.title Substance abuse and psychological well-being of South African adolescents en
dc.type Article en

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