Habakkuk 2:5 is a problematic text. The ‘correctness’ of the Masoretic text’s passage ‘moreover,
the wine is treacherous, an arrogant person – he will not come to rest’ has often been questioned.
The discovery of the Pesher Habakkuk (1QpHab) in Cave 1 at Qumran gave impetus to this
tendency. It contains a reading quite different from the Masoretic text. It reads ‘moreover,
wealth deceives an arrogant man, and he will not come to rest’. Many modern commentaries
and translations assume that 1QpHab contains the ‘correct’ reading. This study argues that
this assumption is based upon questionable text critical practice and pleads for a contextual
interpretation of variant readings before rash decisions about the status of the Masoretic text
can be made.