INTRODUCTION : Morquio A syndrome is a rare, autosomal recessive, lysosomal storage disorder caused bya deficiency in the enzyme N-acetylgalactosamine-6-sulfatase (GALNS). In 2014, the use of recombinant human GALNS, elosulfase alfa, was approved in Europe, Canada, the United States, Australia, and Brazil
for the treatment of Morquio A syndrome. Elosulfase alfa is administered intravenously once-weekly at a dose of 2.0 mg/kg. AREAS COVERED : This is a review of the efficacy, safety and tolerability, pharmacokinetics and
pharmacodynamics, and other outcomes of elosulfase alfa treatment of patients with Morquio A. A discussion of other treatment considerations, limitations, and future directions in the use of elosulfase alfa is provided. EXPERT COMMENTARY : Pharmacokinetic studies outside of clinical trials and in “real-world” clinical
settings need to be performed. We cannot currently predict which patient is going to respond well to enzyme replacement therapy; thus, all patients should be given the option to receive treatment for at least 12 months. Additionally, accurate biomarkers for evaluating disease state and drug responsiveness
would greatly aid in the treatment of patients with Morquio A. In addition, improved and innovative daily lifestyle measures are greatly needed to adequately measure clinical response and true impact on quality of life.