Environmental sustainability, greening business practices and initiatives have received increasing research
attention. This is due to various pressures placed on organisations from different stakeholder groups. This study
explores the drivers of and barriers to the implementation of green supply chain management in the Mozambican
A descriptive qualitative study was conducted in the form of semi-structured interviews with one senior manager
in eight different organisations in the industry.
The study identified four drivers and eight barriers within the Mozambican context. The most important drivers
are corporate social responsibility, internal organisational policies, and board and top management support.
Culture, costs and government legislations were identified as the barriers with the greatest impact. The key
factors that influence and prevent the adoption of green supply chain management practices are identified and
prioritised. Corruption is identified as a barrier, but little if any existing research is available on it. Government
legislations is also considered a barrier in the Mozambican manufacturing industry, whereas existing research
indicate that governments are drivers. The study expands research on green supply chains in small emerging
and developing countries as little research is available on the topic.