Avoidable factors associated with pregnant and postpartum patients admitted to two intensive care units in South Africa

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dc.contributor.author Ngene, N.C.
dc.contributor.author Moodley, J.
dc.contributor.author Von Rahden, R.P.
dc.contributor.author Paruk, Fathima
dc.contributor.author Makinga, P.N.
dc.date.accessioned 2016-10-27T05:46:12Z
dc.date.available 2016-10-27T05:46:12Z
dc.date.issued 2016-09
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND. Identification and prevention of any avoidable factor (AVF) associated with pregnancy may reduce critical illnesses and the need for intensive care unit (ICU) admission. OBJECTIVES. To determine AVFs that occurred prior to the admission of pregnant and postpartum patients to two ICUs in South Africa (SA) and the resulting maternal outcomes. METHODS. The hospital records of all pregnant and postpartum patients in two public hospital ICUs in Pietermaritzburg, SA, between 1 July 2010 and 30 April 2011 were assessed to identify pre-ICU AVFs. Each patient was followed up until the 7th day after ICU discharge or until hospital discharge (whichever came first), to observe maternal outcomes: survival, death or hypoxic ischaemic brain injury (HIBI). RESULTS. Of 84 patients assessed, 41 (48.8%) had ≥1 AVF. Patient-related, administrative and health-worker-related AVFs were identified in 32.1% (27/84), 19.0% (16/84) and 7.1% (6/84) of patients, respectively. The most common patient-related AVF was the commencement of antenatal care after 20 weeks’ gestation. Unavailability of ICU beds was the most common administrative AVF. Iatrogenic pulmonary oedema associated with intravenous fluid resuscitation was the most frequent health-worker-related AVF. Of women who had AVFs, 9 (22.0%) died, 2 (4.9%) had HIBI and 30 (73.2%) suurvived. The relative risk of death or HIBI among patients with AVF/s was 1.2 (p=0.7). CONCLUSIONS. The principal interventions that may prevent AVFs are ongoing community health promotion, strengthening of obstetric skills training on fluid resuscitation and expansion of critical care services. en_ZA
dc.description.department Obstetrics and Gynaecology en_ZA
dc.description.librarian am2016 en_ZA
dc.description.uri http://sajog.org.za/index.php/SAJOG en_ZA
dc.description.uri http://reference.sabinet.co.za/sa_epublication/m_sajog en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Ngene, NC, Moodley, J, Von Rahden, RP, Paruk, F & Makinga, PN 2016, 'Avoidable factors associated with pregnant and postpartum patients admitted to two intensive care units in South Africa', South African Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 8-12. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 0038-2329 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 2078-5135 (online)
dc.identifier.issn 10.7196/SAJOG.2016.v22i1.1033
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/57472
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Health and Medical Publishing Group en_ZA
dc.rights © 2016 Health and Medical Publishing Group. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial Works License (CC BY-NC 3.0) . en_ZA
dc.subject Avoidable factor (AVF) en_ZA
dc.subject Pregnancy en_ZA
dc.subject Intensive care unit (ICU) en_ZA
dc.subject Pregnant patients en_ZA
dc.subject Postpartum patients en_ZA
dc.subject South Africa (SA) en_ZA
dc.title Avoidable factors associated with pregnant and postpartum patients admitted to two intensive care units in South Africa en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA


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