The incidence and patterns of illness at the Sochi 2014 winter paralympic games : a prospective cohort study of 6564 athlete days

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dc.contributor.author Derman, W.
dc.contributor.author Schwellnus, Martin Peter
dc.contributor.author Jordaan, E.
dc.contributor.author Runciman, P.
dc.contributor.author Van de Vliet, P.
dc.contributor.author Blauwet, C.
dc.contributor.author Webborn, N.
dc.contributor.author Willick, S.
dc.contributor.author Stomphorst, J.
dc.date.accessioned 2016-10-24T07:24:31Z
dc.date.available 2016-10-24T07:24:31Z
dc.date.issued 2016-09
dc.description.abstract OBJECTIVE To describe the epidemiology of illness at the Sochi 2014 Winter Paralympic Games. METHODS A total of 547 athletes from 45 countries were monitored daily for 12 days over the Sochi 2014 Winter Paralympic Games (6564 athlete days). Illness data were obtained daily from teams without their own medical support (13 teams, 37 athletes) and teams with their own medical support (32 teams, 510 athletes) through electronic data capturing systems. RESULTS The total number of illnesses reported was 123, with an illness incidence rate (IR) of 18.7 per 1000 athlete days (95% CI 15.1% to 23.2%). The highest IR was reported for wheelchair curling (IR of 20.0 (95% CI 10.1% to 39.6%)). Illnesses in the respiratory system (IR of 5.6 (95% CI 3.8% to 8.0%)), eye and adnexa (IR of 2.7 (95% CI 1.7% to 4.4%)) and digestive system (IR of 2.4 (95% CI 1.4% to 4.2%)) were the most common. Older athletes (35–63 years) had a significantly higher IR than younger athletes (14–25 years, p=0.049). CONCLUSIONS The results of this study indicate that Paralympic athletes report higher illness incidence rates compared to Olympic athletes at similar competitions. The highest rates of illness were reported for the respiratory and digestive systems, eye and adnexa, respectively. Thus, the results of this study form a basis for the identification of physiological systems at higher risk of illness, which can in turn inform illness prevention and management programmes with eventual policy change to promote athlete safety in future editions of the Winter Paralympic Games. en_ZA
dc.description.department Sports Medicine en_ZA
dc.description.librarian am2016 en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship IOC Research Centre (South Africa) Grant, IPC Research Grant. en_ZA
dc.description.uri http://bjsm.bmj.com en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Derman, W., Schwellnus, M.P., Jordaan, E., Runciman, P., Van de Vliet, P., Blauwet, C., Webborn, N., Willick, S. & Stomphorst, J. The incidence and patterns of illness at the Sochi 2014 Winter Paralympic Games : a prospective cohort study of 6564 athlete days. British Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 50, no. 17, 1064, DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2016-096215. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 0306-3674 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1473-0480 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1136/bjsports-2016-096215
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/57417
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher BMJ Publishing Group en_ZA
dc.rights © 2016 by the BMJ Publishing Group Ltd. All rights reserved. en_ZA
dc.subject Illness en_ZA
dc.subject Athletes en_ZA
dc.subject Sochi 2014 Winter Paralympic Games en_ZA
dc.title The incidence and patterns of illness at the Sochi 2014 winter paralympic games : a prospective cohort study of 6564 athlete days en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA


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