Paper presented at the 23rd Annual Southern African Transport Conference 12 - 15 July 2004 "Getting recognition for the importance of transport", CSIR International Convention Centre, Pretoria, South Africa. The Reconstruction and Development Programme [RDP] started by the South African
Government some ten years ago has as its main ambition the provision of civil engineering
infrastructure to communities that severely lacked and still lack these essential services.
As such, a major component of this programme is to provide the essential road network to the
previously disadvantaged communities. However, this delivery programme has been somewhat
set back with various problems and the provision of black top roads to appropriate standards in
the Clermont and Kwadabeka area has in many cases proven to be a short term solution.
Many roads in this area have been upgraded from existing gravel to sealed blacktop standard
roads rather hurriedly. In many cases, the critical design elements have been overlooked and the
obvious results are roads with premature failure. Unfortunately a fair amount of roads in this
area have not even lasted up to half of their expected design life. The existing design procedure
adopted by the role players, or lack thereof, has in many cases resulted in the failure of a number
of roads in the area under investigation. Various factors linked to the immediate road conditions
ensure that a standard road design cannot be applied as a norm. Therefore, when designing to
upgrade an existing gravel road, a thorough investigation of all local factors should be carried
This paper aims to investigate the current status and condition of the road network in the area
and also do an investigative analysis of road layerworks that have failed. Alternative designs and
proper maintenance plans will also be suggested for the area under investigation and other areas
with similar constraints.
This paper was transferred from the original CD ROM created for this conference. The material on the CD ROM was published using Adobe Acrobat technology. The original CD ROM was produced by Document Transformation Technologies Postal Address: PO Box 560 Irene 0062 South Africa. Tel.: +27 12 667 2074 Fax: +27 12 667 2766 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org URL: http://www.doctech.co.za