The role of seabirds of the Iles Eparses as reservoirs and disseminators of parasites and pathogens

Show simple item record McCoy, Karen D. Dietrich, Muriel Jaeger, Audrey Wilkinson, David A. Bastien, Matthieu Lagadec, Erwan Boulinier, Thierry Pascalis, Hervé Tortosa, Pablo LeCorre, Mathieu Dellagi, Koussay Lebarbenchon, Camille 2016-10-13T06:07:00Z 2016-04
dc.description.abstract The role of birds as reservoirs and disseminators of parasites and pathogens has received much attention over the past several years due to their high vagility. Seabirds are particularly interesting hosts in this respect. In addition to incredible long-distance movements during migration, foraging and prospecting, these birds are long-lived, site faithful and breed in dense aggregations in specific colony locations. These different characteristics can favor both the local maintenance and large-scale dissemination of parasites and pathogens. The Iles Eparses provide breeding and feeding grounds for more than 3 million breeding pairs of seabirds including at least 13 species. Breeding colonies on these islands are relatively undisturbed by human activities and represent natural metapopulations in which seabird population dynamics, movement and dispersal can be studied in relation to that of circulating parasites and pathogens. In this review, we summarize previous knowledge and recently-acquired data on the parasites and pathogens found in association with seabirds of the Iles Eparses. These studies have revealed the presence of a rich diversity of infectious agents (viruses, bacteria and parasites) carried by the birds and/ or their local ectoparasites (ticks and louse flies). Many of these agents are widespread and found in other ecosystems confirming a role for seabirds in their large scale dissemination and maintenance. The heterogeneous distribution of parasites and infectious agents among islands and seabird species suggests that relatively independent metacommunities of interacting species may exist within the western Indian Ocean. In this context, we discuss how the patterns and determinants of seabird movements may alter parasite and pathogen circulation. We conclude by outlining key aspects for future research given the baseline data now available and current concerns in eco-epidemiology and biodiversity conservation. en_ZA
dc.description.department Microbiology and Plant Pathology en_ZA
dc.description.embargo 2017-04-30
dc.description.librarian hb2016 en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship The CNRS-INEE/TAAF (AAP Iles Eparses “PathOrnithoTiques”, “MIRE” and “OMABIO” projects), the FEDER “Pathogenes associes a la Faune Sauvage Ocean Indien” (Programme Operationnel de Cooperation Territoriale 2007-2013; #31189), the University of Reunion Island (“Fed eration de Recherche Environnement-Biodiversit e-Sante”) and the Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR-11-BSV7-003 “EVEMATA”). The post-doctoral fellowships of MD, AJ, DW and CL were supported by “Run Emerge” European Union's Seventh Framework Program (FP7/2007-2013; grant agreement no. 263958). en_ZA
dc.description.uri en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation McCoy, KD, Dietrich, M, Jaeger, A, Wilkinson, DA, Bastien, M, Lagadec, E, Boulinier, T, Pascalis, H, Tortosa, P, Le Corre, M, Dellagi, K & Lebarbenchon, C 2016, 'The role of seabirds of the Iles Eparses as reservoirs and disseminators of parasites and pathogens', Acta Oecologica, vol. 72, pp. 98-109. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 1146-609X (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1873-6238 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1016/j.actao.2015.12.013
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Elsevier en_ZA
dc.rights © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved. Notice : this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Acta Oecologica. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. A definitive version was subsequently published in Acta Oecologica, vol. 72, pp. 98-109, 2016. doi : 10.1016/j.actao.2015.12.013. en_ZA
dc.subject Avian ecology en_ZA
dc.subject Dispersal en_ZA
dc.subject Emergence en_ZA
dc.subject Infectious agents en_ZA
dc.subject Insular ecosystems en_ZA
dc.subject Metapopulations en_ZA
dc.title The role of seabirds of the Iles Eparses as reservoirs and disseminators of parasites and pathogens en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA

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