Single motherhood and neonatal and infant mortality in Sierra Leone, Burkina Faso and Burundi

Show simple item record Izugbara, C. 2016-10-13T05:58:11Z 2016-06
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND : Childhood mortality is a stubborn problem and remains highest in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Existing research on childhood mortality in SSA indicate that most of the childhood deaths are from preventable causes such as diarrhoea, pneumonia, measles, malaria, HIV and underlying malnutrition, acute respiratory infections, whooping cough, tuberculosis, bronchopneumonia, dirty feeding bottles and utensils, inadequate disposal of household refuse and poor storage of drinking water. However, insufficient attention has been given to maternal marital status and childhood mortality relationships. Understanding the implications of maternal marital status for childhood mortality can add to our knowledge of the correlates of neonatal and infant mortality and furnish insights to support the design and delivery of interventions to address the problem. OBJECTIVE : To document and examine the extent to which the association between neonatal and infant mortality varies between single and ever-married mothers in Sierra Leone, Burkina Faso, and Burundi. A single mother is defined in this study as a woman who has either lived with a partner, married before, widowed, separated during the survey periods and has given at least one life birth. Ever-married woman is woman who has been married at least once in their lives although their current marital status may not be married. STUDY DESIGN : Data for this study were drawn from the latest Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) in Burkina Faso, Sierra Leone and Burundi. The selected datasets came from 2010 Burkina Faso DHS (BFDHS), 2008 Sierra Leone DHS (SLDHS) and 2010 Burundi DHS (EDSB II). METHODS : The relevant data for this study (women age 15-49 years who had at least one live birth within the five years preceding the survey) were extracted from the whole dataset of each country (Burkinabe (n = 17,087), Sierra Leonean (n = 7374) and Burundian (n = 9389). Univariate and multivariate statistical analyses were used to assess the association between neonatal and infant mortality and maternal marital status. All data were analysed using STATA Version 11. RESULTS : The multivariate logistic regression analyses yielded significantly increased risk of neonatal and infant mortality among single mothers. CONCLUSIONS : Neonates and infants of single mothers are at increased risk of neonatal and infant mortality compared to those of ever-married women. en_ZA
dc.description.department Sociology en_ZA
dc.description.embargo 2017-06-30
dc.description.librarian hb2016 en_ZA
dc.description.uri en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Izugbara, C 2016, 'Single motherhood and neonatal and infant mortality in Sierra Leone, Burkina Faso and Burundi', Public Health, vol. 135, pp. 122-130. en_ZA
dc.identifier.other 10.1016/j.puhe.2016.01.017
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Elsevier en_ZA
dc.rights © 2016 The Royal Society for Public Health. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Notice : this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Public Health. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Public Health, vol. 135, pp. 122-130, 2016. doi : 10.1016/j.puhe.2016.01.017. en_ZA
dc.subject Burkina Faso en_ZA
dc.subject Burundi en_ZA
dc.subject Neonatal and infant mortality en_ZA
dc.subject Sierra Leone en_ZA
dc.subject Single motherhood en_ZA
dc.title Single motherhood and neonatal and infant mortality in Sierra Leone, Burkina Faso and Burundi en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA

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