A review of the literature on Capillaria hepatica infestation is given. The first
case of Capillaria hepatica in the dog in South Africa is described. The main gross
and histopathological changes are described . The relationship between the Capillaria
infection and the vascular changes are discussed. The opinion is expressed that
the disintegrating worms were responsible for an allergic state in the body, leading to generalised calcification of the intima of the blood vessels.
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