Paper presented at the 23rd Annual Southern African Transport Conference 12 - 15 July 2004 "Getting recognition for the importance of transport", CSIR International Convention Centre, Pretoria, South Africa. Post 1994 the transport sector, in line with most other sectors of South African government,
underwent a period of fundamental policy shift. The principle cause of this was, of course, the
new democratic government and the need to realign government policy with new priorities.
The policy and strategy documents which were published reflect the transition to a more
people-centered transport planning process, and use customers as a central theme.
Coincidentally, the international transport planning scene was also undergoing a fundamental
shift in the 1990s. The US and the UK both underwent a watershed period of transport
policy change, with public transport receiving higher priority than ever before; integrated
planning and demand management rising up the agenda; and the realization increasing that
urban transport problems could not be solved by road construction.
An additional policy issue was influencing planning circles during the 1990s, that of
sustainability. The debate on sustainability peaked at the Rio Conference of 1991, and was
revisited at the Johannesburg Conference of 2002. In South Africa, this concept is
encapsulated in the National Environmental Management Act (1998), which is supposed to
guide actions in sectors impacting upon the environment, including transport. However, it has
been suggested that progress in the urban transport sector towards sustainability has been
In June 2002 the Urban Transport Research Group (UTRG) of UCT entered into dialogue
with the Environmental Protection Agency of the US concerning topics of interest in the area
of urban transport and the environment. In response to this the UTRG proposed a project
with the intention of developing a practical checklist for the assessment of policies,
programmes and projects in the transport sector which addresses the sustainability,
environmental and integrated planning requirements of policy and legislation.
A partnership was formed between the Environmental Evaluation Unit (EEU) and the Urban
Transport Research Group (UTRG) of UCT for the purposes of the project. This paper
briefly outlines the findings of the project, which was divided into three phases: a current
practice review; development of a checklist; and input from case studies.
This paper was transferred from the original CD ROM created for this conference. The material on the CD ROM was published using Adobe Acrobat technology. The original CD ROM was produced by Document Transformation Technologies Postal Address: PO Box 560 Irene 0062 South Africa. Tel.: +27 12 667 2074 Fax: +27 12 667 2766 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org URL: http://www.doctech.co.za