BiCMOS Colpitts oscillator for vector-sum interpolators

Show simple item record George, Deepa Sinha, Saurabh 2016-09-12T08:53:08Z 2016-09-12T08:53:08Z 2016
dc.description.abstract PURPOSE : The demand for higher bandwidth has resulted in the development of mm-wave phased array systems. This paper explores a technique that could be used to feed the individual antennas in a mm-wave phased array system with the appropriate phase shifted signal, to achieve required directivity. It presents differential Colpitts oscillators at 5 GHz and 60 GHz that can provide differential output signals to quadrature signal generators in the proposed phase shifter system. APPROACH : The phase shifter system comprises a differential Colpitts voltage controlled oscillator (VCO) and utilizes the vector-sum technique to generate the phase shifted signal. The differential VCO is connected in the common-collector configuration for the 5 GHz VCO, and is extended using a cascode transistor for the 60 GHz VCO for better stability at mm-wave. The vector-sum is achieved using a variable gain amplifier (VGA) that combines the in-phase and quadrature phase signal, generated from oscillator output using hybrid Lange couplers. The devices were fabricated using IBM 130 nm SiGe BiCMOS process, and simulations were performed with a process design kit provided by the foundry. FINDINGS : The measured results of the 5 GHz and 60 GHz VCOs indicate that differential Colpitts VCO could generate oscillator output with good phase noise performance. The simulation results of the phase shifter system indicate that generation of signals with phases from 0° to 360° in steps of 22.5° was achieved using the proposed approach. A Gilbert mixer topology was used for the VGA and the linearity was improved by a pre-distortion circuit implemented using an inverse tanh cell. ORIGINALITY / VALUE : The measurement results indicate that differential Colpitts oscillator in common-collector configuration could be used to generate differential VCO signals for the vector-sum phase shifter. The simulation results of the proposed phase shifter system at mm-wave shows that the phase shift could be realised at a total power consumption of 200 mW. en_ZA
dc.description.department Electrical, Electronic and Computer Engineering en_ZA
dc.description.librarian hb2016 en_ZA
dc.description.uri en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Deepa George & Saurabh Sinha 2016, 'BiCMOS Colpitts oscillator for vector-sum interpolators', Microelectronics International, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 87-93. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 1356-5362
dc.identifier.other 10.1108/MI-03-2015-0029
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Emerald en_ZA
dc.rights © Emerald Group Publishing Limited en_ZA
dc.subject Voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) en_ZA
dc.subject Colpitts oscillator en_ZA
dc.subject Phase noise en_ZA
dc.subject Tuning range en_ZA
dc.subject Millimeter-Wave (mm-Wave) en_ZA
dc.subject Silicon Germanium (SiGe) en_ZA
dc.subject Phased arrays en_ZA
dc.subject Vector sum en_ZA
dc.subject Hybrid coupler en_ZA
dc.subject Variable gain amplifier (VGA) en_ZA
dc.title BiCMOS Colpitts oscillator for vector-sum interpolators en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA

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