Modern infrastructure, such as dense urban areas and underground tunnels, can effectively
block all GPS signals, which implies that effective position triangulation will not be achieved.
The main problem that is addressed in this project is the design and implementation of an accurate
vehicle location system using radio-frequency identification (RFID) technology in combination with
GPS and the Global system for Mobile communication (GSM) technology, in order to provide a
solution to the limitation discussed above. In essence, autonomous vehicle tracking will be facilitated
with the use of RFID technology where GPS signals are non-existent. The design of the system and the
results are reflected in this paper. An extensive literature study was done on the field known as the
Internet of Things, as well as various topics that covered the integration of independent technology
in order to address a specific challenge. The proposed system is then designed and implemented.
An RFID transponder was successfully designed and a read range of approximately 31 cm was
obtained in the low frequency communication range (125 kHz to 134 kHz). The proposed system was
designed, implemented, and field tested and it was found that a vehicle could be accurately located
and tracked. It is also found that the antenna size of both the RFID reader unit and RFID transponder
plays a critical role in the maximum communication range that can be achieved.