Variation in the content of naphthoquinones in seeds and seedlings of Euclea natalensis

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dc.contributor.author Bapela, M.J. (Mahwahwatse Johanna)
dc.contributor.author Lall, Namrita
dc.contributor.author Isaza-Martinez, J.H.
dc.contributor.author Regnier, Thierry J.C.
dc.contributor.author Meyer, J.J.M. (Jacobus Johannes Marion)
dc.date.accessioned 2008-05-20T12:53:03Z
dc.date.available 2008-05-20T12:53:03Z
dc.date.issued 2007-11
dc.description.abstract A correlation between plant growth and accumulation of naphthoquinones (shinanolone (1), 7-methyljuglone (2) and diospyrin (3)) was investigated in seeds and seedlings of Euclea natalensis A.DC. In this study, the seeds represented the first stage whereas the second seedling stage was defined as the stage, when the radicles were about 6 cm in length. The lengths of the seedlings at the third, fourth and fifth seedling stages were 9 cm, 12 cm and 16 cm respectively. Plant materials collected from the five seedling stages were separately extracted using chloroform and the naphthoquinones were then quantified by means of High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). Shinanolone (1), which was the only naphthoquinone detectible from seeds, accumulated at variable rates (P < 0.01) and no trend could be established between its synthesis and seedling growth. The content of shinanolone (1) ranged from 87.5 mg/kg in seeds (first stage) to a high mean value of 1047 mg/kg during the fourth seedling stage. A significant correlation (P < 0.01) was found between the mean concentrations of 7-methyljuglone (2) and seedling growth. 7-Methyljuglone (2) was quantified at a high mean level of 5003 mg/kg during the third seedling stage and was not detected from the seed samples. A positive correlation (P < 0.01) was established between the concentration of diospyrin (3) and seedling stages. Diospyrin (3) was detected at an elevated mean concentration of 6182 mg/kg during the fifth seedling stage, which was higher than the other quantified naphthoquinones. en
dc.format.extent 165820 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier.citation Bapela, MJ, Lall, N, Isaza-Martinez, JH, Regnier, T & Meyer, JJM 2007, ‘Variation in the content of naphthoquinones in seeds and seedlings of Euclea natalensis’, South African Journal of Botany, vol.73, issue 4, pp. 606-610. [http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/02546299] en
dc.identifier.issn 0254-6299
dc.identifier.other 10.1016/j.sajb.2007.06.003
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/5387
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Elsevier en
dc.rights Elsevier en
dc.subject Ebenaceae en
dc.subject Euclea natalensis en
dc.subject.lcsh Naphthoquinone en
dc.title Variation in the content of naphthoquinones in seeds and seedlings of Euclea natalensis
dc.type Postprint Article en


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