Aerospora of an Eragrostis curvula pasture in South Africa
Van der Merwe, W.J.J.; Eicker, A.; Marasas, Walter F.O. (Walter Friedrich Otto); Kellerman, T. Stephanus; Steyn, P.J.J.; Bigalke, R.D.; Morren, A.J.; Verster, Anna J.M.; Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand; Walker, Jane B.; Cameron, Colin McKenzie; Gilchrist, Frances M.C.
A qualitative and quantitative survey was made of the aerospora above an Eragrostis curvula (Schrad.) Nees pasture. The pasture, which lay adjacent to a field of Panicum coloratum L. where an outbreak of ovine photosensitivity had occurred, was not grazed during the survey. A Burkard volumetric spore trap was used to sample the aerospora continuously for 10 months. Twenty components of the aerospora were recognized: spores of 9 genera of fungi (Cladosporium, Alternaria, Epicoccum, Drechslera, Pithomyces chartarum (Berk. & Curt.) M. B. Ellis, Nigrospora, Sporormia, Curvularia, Spegazzinia); 8 recognizable but unidentified spore types; rust spores; hyphal Fragments and pollen grains. Cladosporium conidia comprised 83,37% of the total aerospora. Conidia of Pithomyces chartarum formed a small (0,29%) but significant component of the aerospora, since this fungus is known to cause hepatogenous photosensitivity.
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