A survey of the mosquito and Culicoides faunas at two localities in the Karoo region of South Africa with some observations on bionomics

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dc.contributor.author Jupp, P.G.
dc.contributor.author McIntosh, B.M.
dc.contributor.author Nevill, E.M.
dc.contributor.editor Bigalke, R.D.
dc.contributor.editor Cameron, Colin McKenzie
dc.contributor.editor Gilchrist, Frances M.C.
dc.contributor.editor Morren, A.J.
dc.contributor.editor Verster, Anna J.M.
dc.contributor.editor Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand
dc.contributor.editor Walker, Jane B.
dc.contributor.other Steyn, P.J.J
dc.date.accessioned 2016-07-06T12:07:08Z
dc.date.available 2016-07-06T12:07:08Z
dc.date.created 2016
dc.date.issued 1980
dc.description The articles have been scanned in colour with a HP Scanjet 5590; 300dpi. Adobe Acrobat XI Pro was used to OCR the text and also for the merging and conversion to the final presentation PDF-format. en_ZA
dc.description.abstract The mosquito and Culicoides faunas were surveyed at Bethulie and Luckhoff in the arid Karoo region, southern Orange Free State, to determine which species occurred, their relative prevalence and the effects of rainfall. The feeding preferences of these insects were also investigated by means of baited catches. Twenty-three mosquito species and 16 Culicoides species were collected. The commonest mosquito species, with their feeding preferences, if known, were as follows: Culex (Culex) univittatus Theo and Culex (Culex) pipiens Linnaeus, which are strongly ornithophilic and poorly anthropophilic; Culex (Culex) theileriTheo, which feeds on sheep and man avidly but is only moderately ornithophilic; Aedes (Neomelaniconion) luridus McIntosh, Aedes (Neomelaniconion) lineatopennis (Ludlow), Aedes (Ochlerotatus) caballus (Theo) and Aedes (Ochlerotatus) juppi McIntosh, all of which feed on sheep and man readily and which can aestivate as eggs for up to 20 months but only appear in numbers after rain; Anopheles (Cellia) listeri De Meillon, Anopheles (Cellia) squamosus Theo, Culex (Culex) quinquefasciatus Say and Culiseta (Allotheobaldia) longiareolata (Macquart). By far the commonest Culicoides at both localities was Culicoides pycnostictus Ingram & Macfie, which is strongly ornithophilic and also feeds on sheep. The following 5 species were also prevalent: Culicoides similis Carter,Ingram & Macfie, Culicoides spec. nov. 1., Culicoides schultzei (Enderlein), Culicoides ondersteportensis Fiedler and Culicoides nivosus De Meillon. The last species is strongly ornithophilic. en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Jupp, PG, McIntosh, BM & Nevill, EM 1980, 'A survey of the mosquito and Culicoides faunas at two localities in the Karoo region of South Africa with some observations on bionomics’, Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 1-6.
dc.identifier.issn 0330-2465
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/53790
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Published by the Government Printer, Pretoria. en_ZA
dc.rights ©1980 ARC - Ondersterpoort and Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria (original). ©2016 University of Pretoria Department of Library Services (digital). en_ZA
dc.subject Veterinary medicine en_ZA
dc.subject.lcsh Veterinary medicine -- South Africa
dc.title A survey of the mosquito and Culicoides faunas at two localities in the Karoo region of South Africa with some observations on bionomics en_ZA
dc.title.alternative Une enquete des Faunes de Moustiques et de Culicoides dans deux localites de la region du Karoo en Afrique du Sud avec certaines observations Ecologiques en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA


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