African savannas are highly seasonal with a diverse array of both mammalian
and invertebrate herbivores, yet herbivory studies have focused almost exclusively on mammals.
We conducted a 2-yr
exclosure experiment in South Africa’s Kruger National Park to measure
the relative impact of these two groups of herbivores on grass removal at both highly productive
patches (termite mounds) and in the less productive savanna matrix. Invertebrate and
mammalian herbivory was greater on termite mounds, but the relative importance of each
group changed over time. Mammalian offtake was higher than invertebrates in the dry season,
but can be eclipsed by invertebrates during the wet season when this group is more active.
Our results demonstrate that invertebrates play a substantial role in savanna herbivory and
should not be disregarded in attempts to understand the impacts of herbivory on ecosystems.