Hypocalcaemia in a six-month-old hand-reared female giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis)

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dc.contributor.author Stegmann, George F.
dc.contributor.author Buck, Roxanne
dc.contributor.author O’Dell, Jaques
dc.date.accessioned 2016-07-04T07:26:18Z
dc.date.available 2016-07-04T07:26:18Z
dc.date.issued 2015-04
dc.description.abstract Radiological examination and surgical biopsy were required of a swelling in the cervical region in a healthy 200 kg, six-month-old hand-reared female giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis). Induction was with intramuscular administration of medetomidine, butorphanol and ketamine and maintained with 1.5 per cent isoflurane-in-oxygen on a circle anaesthetic machine. Induction and maintenance were uneventful but recovery delayed and characterised by hindlimb weakness, opistotonus and torticollis of the head and neck. Atipamezole and naltrexone were administered to facilitate recovery but with minimal clinical improvement. Venous blood gas analysis indicated moderate metabolic acidosis, hypochloraemia, increased anion gap and marked hypocalcaemia (0.64 mmol/l). Intravenous administration of 60 ml calcium borogluconate resulted in a rapid improvement in muscle tone and the ability to stand. Hypocalcaemia was diagnosed in a juvenile giraffe after anaesthesia characterised by delayed recovery. Intravenous administration of calcium borogluconate resulted in rapid recovery of muscle strength and ambulance. en_ZA
dc.description.department Companion Animal Clinical Studies en_ZA
dc.description.librarian hb2016 en_ZA
dc.description.uri http://vetrecordcasereports.bmj.com en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Stegmann GF, Buck R & O’Dell J 2015. 'Hypocalcaemia in a six-month-old hand-reared female giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis)', Veterinary Record Case Reports, vol. 3, no. 1, art. e000214, pp. 1-4, doi:10.1136/vetreccr-2015-000214. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 2052-6121
dc.identifier.other 10.1136/vetreccr-2015-000214
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/53603
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher BMJ Publishing Group en_ZA
dc.rights © 2015 by the BMJ Publishing Group Ltd. All rights reserved. en_ZA
dc.subject Hypocalcaemia en_ZA
dc.subject Radiological examination en_ZA
dc.subject Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis)
dc.title Hypocalcaemia in a six-month-old hand-reared female giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA


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