The association of Insulin Growth Factor 2 with meat and fat quality traits in South African Landrace and Large White pig populations

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dc.contributor.advisor Van Marle-Koster, Este en
dc.contributor.coadvisor Hugo, A. en
dc.contributor.coadvisor Frylinck, L. en
dc.contributor.postgraduate Soma, Pranisha Omduth en
dc.date.accessioned 2016-07-01T10:33:50Z
dc.date.available 2016-07-01T10:33:50Z
dc.date.created 2016-04-15 en
dc.date.issued 2016 en
dc.description Thesis (PhD)--University of Pretoria, 2016. en
dc.description.abstract The Large White and Landrace are the predominant pig breeds used in the South African industry. Due to consumer demands, selection of leaner pigs receive attention in selection programs. IGF2 is an imprinted gene, paternally expressed with a positive association with an increase in lean yield. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the IGF2 gene in the two South African populations with regard to meat and fat quality traits. The first phase of the study was to determine the frequencies of the IGF2 genotypes in South African pig populations. Frequencies varied from as high as 95% of the G/G genotype in the Duroc to as low as 9% of the A/A genotype in the Large White. IGF2 genotypes were determined to generate sufficient progeny that were finished at a slaughter weight of 100 kg. Carcass, meat and fat quality traits were measured. For the majority of meat quality traits (pH?, water-holding capacity, colour, eye muscle area, drip loss, thiols and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances), the IGF2 genotypes did not differ significantly (P<0.05). There was a significant genotype effect on warm and cold carcass weights where the A/A genotype had lower weights compared to the G/G genotype. The pHu values varied from 5.8 to 6.10, indicating the absence of pale, soft exudative meat. The G/G genotype displayed differences (P<0.05) with a mean value of 5658 mm² for eye muscle area where the G allele is associated with more fat. Colour measurements at 24 hours post mortem were not different between the IGF2 genotypes (P>0.05). The colour measurements from 1 to 7 days post mortem increased across all breed*genotype combinations for b* and Chroma measurements. Warner Bratzler shear force displayed differences (P<0.05) between the IGF2 genotypes. The G/G genotype displayed more tender pork. Fat free dry matter of belly fat was the only significant measurement with a genotype effect where the A/A genotype had the highest percentage of 9.18% in comparison to the A/G genotype with a percentage of 8.15%. The G/G genotype had a higher mean value for fat content in muscle compared to backfat in this study, although not significant in the number of samples tested. Interesting to note that the A/A genotype tended to have more fat in the belly. The IGF2 genotypes were significant for the SFA s (C15:0, C16:0, C17:0 and C20:0) in belly fat where the A/A was higher compared to A/G and G/G genotypes. The double bond index and iodine values were higher in A/A genotypes which is consistent with leaner animals. Results of this study is comparable with other studies showing that IGF2 did not have any negative effect on meat and fat quality traits. This study has highlighted that there is potential for using IGF2 gene as a genetic tool for selection of leaner pigs. en
dc.description.availability Unrestricted en
dc.description.degree PhD en
dc.description.department Animal and Wildlife Sciences en
dc.identifier.citation Soma, PO 2016, The association of Insulin Growth Factor 2 with meat and fat quality traits in South African Landrace and Large White pig populations, PhD Thesis, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed yymmdd <http://hdl.handle.net/2263/53556> en
dc.identifier.other A2016 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/53556
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher University of Pretoria en_ZA
dc.rights © 2016, University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria. en
dc.subject UCTD en
dc.title The association of Insulin Growth Factor 2 with meat and fat quality traits in South African Landrace and Large White pig populations en
dc.type Thesis en


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