Detection and isolation of homogeneous genotypes of Citrus tristeza virus for use in virus control through cross protection

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dc.contributor.advisor Pietersen, Gerhard en
dc.contributor.postgraduate Snyders, Kirsti en
dc.date.accessioned 2016-07-01T10:33:48Z
dc.date.available 2016-07-01T10:33:48Z
dc.date.created 2016-04-18 en
dc.date.issued 2016 en
dc.description Dissertation (MSc)--University of Pretoria, 2016. en
dc.description.abstract One of the most serious diseases of citrus worldwide is caused by the viral pathogen Citrus tristeza virus (CTV) (family: Closteroviridae, genus: Closterovrius). This RNA virus is known to cause several economically important syndromes, namely quick decline , stem pitting and seedling yellows . The natural hosts for CTV include nearly all citrus species and cultivars, various citrus relatives such as Aeglopsis, Afraegle, Fortunella and Pamburus, and some intergeneric hybrids (Yokomi, 2009). The movement of CTV between different regions is mainly due to the dispersal of infected budwood (Bertolini et al., 2008). However, natural transmission and spread of CTV can also occur with the help of several aphid species of which the most effective vector is the Brown citrus aphid (Kirkaldy) Toxoptera citricida (Tsai et al., 2009). The severity of a CTV infection may vary depending on various contributing factors, such as environmental conditions, the rootstock combination used and lastly the presence of the CTV genotype predominating within the mixed infection. Currently, there are eight known and published CTV genotypes, each with their own degree of virulence, and up to date, forty-seven CTV genomes have been fully sequenced. It has been observed in numerous CTV population diversity studies, that a host is normally infected with a mixture of genotypic strains (Read and Pietersen, 2015; Roy et al., 2010; Roy and Brlansky, 2004). This complicates biological indexing as well as diagnostic procedures in identifying homogenous genotypic sources. This pathogen is endemic to the citrus producing areas in South Africa; hence, a mild strain cross-protection scheme has been initiated during the year 1973; aiming to control the viral disease. en
dc.description.availability Unrestricted en
dc.description.degree MSc en
dc.description.department Microbiology and Plant Pathology en
dc.identifier.citation Snyders, K 2016, Detection and isolation of homogeneous genotypes of Citrus tristeza virus for use in virus control through cross protection, MSc Dissertation, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed yymmdd <http://hdl.handle.net/2263/53555> en
dc.identifier.other A2016 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/53555
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher University of Pretoria en_ZA
dc.rights © 2016, University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria. en
dc.subject UCTD en
dc.title Detection and isolation of homogeneous genotypes of Citrus tristeza virus for use in virus control through cross protection en
dc.type Dissertation en


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