In order to accommodate a new species of pentastomid parasite, Pelonia africana Junker &
Boomker, 2002 (Sebekidae), Junker & Boomker (2002) described the new genus Pelonia.
This genus name is, however, preoccupied by Pelonia Grube, 1859 (Acari). Grube (1859) did
not designate a type species, but Oudemans (1900: 141) recorded Pelonia as a possible
synonym of Cepheus Koch, 1835 and listed P. foliosa as its type species, allegedly
designated by Grube. Subías et al. (2012), accepted the synonymy of Pelonia with Cepheus
Koch, 1835 (Acari: Compactozetidae). Norton & Ermilov (2014) provided a brief summary
of the nomenclatural history of the mite genus Pelonia and proposed P. foliosa as being the
nymph of Cepheus cepheiformis (Nicolet, 1855).