Process development for elemental recovery from PGM tailings by thermochemical treatment : preliminary major element extraction studies using ammonium sulphate as extrating agent

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dc.contributor.author Mohamed, Sameera
dc.contributor.author Van der Merwe, E.M. (Elizabet Margaretha)
dc.contributor.author Altermann, Wladyslaw
dc.contributor.author Doucet, F.J.
dc.date.accessioned 2016-06-14T07:04:05Z
dc.date.issued 2016-04
dc.description.abstract Mine tailings can represent untapped secondary resources of non-ferrous, ferrous, precious, rare and trace metals. Continuous research is conducted to identify opportunities for the utilisation of these materials. This preliminary study investigated the possibility of extracting major elements from South African tailings associated with the mining of Platinum Group Metals (PGM) at the Two Rivers mine operations. These PGM tailings typically contain four major elements (11% Al2O3; 12% MgO; 22% Fe2O3; 34% Cr2O3), with lesser amounts of SiO2 (18%) and CaO (2%). Extraction was achieved via thermochemical treatment followed by aqueous dissolution, as an alternative to conventional hydrometallurgical processes. The thermochemical treatment step used ammonium sulphate, a widely available, low-cost, recyclable chemical agent. Quantification of the efficiency of the thermochemical process required the development and optimisation of the dissolution technique. Dissolution in water promoted the formation of secondary iron precipitates, which could be prevented by leaching thermochemically-treated tailings in 0.6M HNO3 solution. The best extraction efficiencies were achieved for aluminium (ca. 60%) and calcium (ca. 80%). 35% iron and 32% silicon were also extracted, alongside chromium (27%) and magnesium (25%). Thermochemical treatment using ammonium sulphate may therefore represent a promising technology for extracting valuable elements from PGM tailings, which could be subsequently converted to value-added products. However, it is not element-selective, and major elements were found to compete with the reagent to form water-soluble sulphate-metal species. Further development of this integrated process, which aims at achieving the full potential of utilisation of PGM tailings, is currently underway. en_ZA
dc.description.department Chemistry en_ZA
dc.description.department Geology en_ZA
dc.description.embargo 2017-04-30
dc.description.librarian hb2016 en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship This work is based on research supported by the Council for Geoscience, the South African Department of Mineral Resources (DMR), the University of Pretoria, and the Geological Society of South Africa (GSSA) Ante the GSSA REI Fund. S.M. was supported by a Masters’ Block Grant Free Standing Scholarship from the National Research Foundation of South Africa (NRF). en_ZA
dc.description.uri http://www.elsevier.com/ locate/wasman en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Mohamed, S, Van der Merwe, EM, Altermann, W & Doucet, FJ 2016, 'Process development for elemental recovery from PGM tailings by thermochemical treatment : preliminary major element extraction studies using ammonium sulphate as extracting agent', Waste Management, vol. 50, pp. 334-345. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 0956-053X (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1879-2456 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1016/j.wasman.2016.02.021
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/53098
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Elsevier en_ZA
dc.rights © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. All rights reserved. Notice : this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Waste Management. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Waste Management, vol. 50, pp. 334-345, 2016. doi : 10.1016/j.wasman.2016.02.021. en_ZA
dc.subject PGM tailings en_ZA
dc.subject Ammonium sulphate en_ZA
dc.subject Metal recovery and extraction en_ZA
dc.subject Thermochemical treatment en_ZA
dc.subject Solid–solid reaction en_ZA
dc.subject Platinum Group Metals (PGM) en_ZA
dc.title Process development for elemental recovery from PGM tailings by thermochemical treatment : preliminary major element extraction studies using ammonium sulphate as extrating agent en_ZA
dc.type Postprint Article en_ZA


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