This article proposes a transmission pricing method that integrates the
transmission loss component with the distribution factors enhanced transmission pricing
method for the pool electricity market. Two new schemes are proposed: (1) New Scheme
1—the losses are allocated only for the locational charges and (2) New Scheme 2—the
losses are allocated for both locational and non-locational charges. Both methods use
justified distribution factors to evaluate the transmission line flows more accurately. The
transmission losses are allocated among the market users by integrating the generalized
generation justified distribution factors and generalized load justified distribution factors
with the modified pro-rata method. The proposed approach is tested on the 10-machine
IEEE 39-bus (New England) system to prove its effectiveness. Results show that the
proposed method is able to reconcile transmission service cost fairly.
Protection of bulk power delivering transmission line (TL) is very important for power system stability and reliability. The environmental and right of way restrictions delayed the construction of new transmission line to ...
Schwarz, Sandra; Morelli, Giovanna; Manica, Andrea; Balloux, Francois; Owen, Robert J.; Graham, David Y.; Van der Merwe, Schalk Willem; Achtman, Mark; Suerbaum, Sebastian; Kusecek, Barica(Public Library of Science, 2008-10)
Transmission of Helicobacter pylori is thought to occur mainly during childhood, and predominantly within families. However, due to the difficulty of obtaining H. pylori isolates from large population samples and to the ...
Sherman, Gayle G.; Mazanderani, Ahmad Haeri; Barron, Peter; Bhardwaj, Sanjana; Niit, Ronelle; Okobi, Margaret; Puren, Adrian; Jackson, Debra J.; Goga, Ameena Ebrahim(Edinburgh University Global Health Society, 2017-06)
BACKGROUND : South Africa has utilized three independent
data sources to measure the impact of its program
for the prevention of mother–to–child transmission
(PMTCT) of HIV. These include the South African