The motif of Jacob s vision in John 1:51 is used to prove that Jesus was the
apocalyptic Son of Man who fulfilled the promise that was given to Jacob through
his dream in Genesis 28:12. This dream was different from Joseph s (Gn 37:9)
or Abimelech s (Gn 20:8). From the gate of heaven that Jacob mentioned after
the dream, it is possible to interpret the vision of Jacob eschatologically. In
Ezekiel s vision (Ezk 1:1) and Daniel s vision (Dn 7:13), there are eschatological
approaches about the open heaven and the one that comes from heaven.
Therefore the vision of Jacob through the dream in Bethel was interpreted
eschatologically by later traditions.
The interpretation of the Rabbinic tradition about Jacob s dream has an
eschatological perspective. For example: the author of Jacob s Ladder, the first
century CE Pseudepigraphon, interpreted it as an eschatological vision according
to their interpretation of the archangel in Genesis 5-7. The Rabbi in Genesis
Rabba also interpreted it as a celestial icon as it is perceived in mysticism.
Jacob s dream is mentioned in the Testament of Levi, and the dream of Levi is
added to it. The dream of Levi is an extension of Jacob s dream. Levi was invited
to heaven by the angel to receive the priesthood. It is a celestial interpretation of
Jacob s vision. In the tradition of the intertestamental period, the Son of Man was
understood as an eschatological figure.